63 Apollo Drive, Mairangi Bay, 0632 Phone: 09 478 5292
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Auckland, 0757 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Our first three articles in this issue focus on some things you can do to get better control over your business and make more profit.
•Keep in touch. We've said this before. Don't let customers slip away because they think you are not interested in them. Use mails, but get your customers to agree to receive your mails. Many marketing firms send out ezines (email magazines). Customers are most likely to be happy to get your mails — and to read them — if there's a benefit for them, such as good tips. Be regular with your mails or you'll soon stop sending them.
•Sell more to your existing customers by being better at getting those add-on (also called companion) sales. Get the value of the average sale up. Be careful how you do this. A waitress who asks, "I can't tempt anyone to a dessert?" is inviting a "no" answer because it is negative. Restaurants are perhaps the worst businesses for throwing away potential sales. Never ask a question, when you are selling, which could invite a "no" answer. The first sale pays for the business overheads. The second and following sales have all the profit in them. You must get as many of them as you can. Train your staff. Find out what each team member is achieving and tell them, regularly, how they are going. As they improve, praise them. One retailer client raised his sales by a massive 20 per cent within one year by doing this.
•Sell more frequently to your existing customers. Get them into your shop more often. When you have a sale, let your good customers have the privilege of getting first look before allowing everyone in.
•Get referrals from your existing customers. It's OK to ask for referrals and using mails makes it easy— see first bullet point .
Measure all these and manage them. Let your staff know "how we're doing" regularly.
DEBTORS turnover is the number of times credit sales turn over in a year.
If your average debtors were $10,000 and your total credit sales for a year amount to $40,000, then your debtors turnover is four times a year. It is similar to stock turnover.
Since there are 365 days in a year, the "Age of Debtors" in this example is a quarter of 365 = say 91 days. Monitor your Age of Debtors and set a target.
Accountants also classify debts into one month, two months etc. We call this an Aged Debtors Analysis.
A joiner we know not only gets as big a deposit as he can on every job (he's prepared to negotiate), but also insists on payment immediately the joinery is installed. He reminds the customer a day or two in advance to have a cheque available. His business is thriving and still growing rapidly.
In another case, an auditor was checking the financial statements of a client and studied the Aged Debtors Analysis. He found a high proportion of old debts at year end. The client admitted many of these were bad and needed to be written off. A good profit suddenly became a poor result.
Do you have any bad debts? Write them off befbre year end so you don't pay tax on them.
Money owing to you is not money in the bank. Give priority to controlling your debtors.
If the figure is too high, do something about it, now.
Controlling your debtors will become increasingly important if the economy gets worse. If a debtor is shaky, the first person to get tough usually has the best chance of being paid.
If your problem is with a company, you can threaten to get it wound up. This can be very effective.
Measure your debtors and manage them.
A SMALL administrative staff, when asked to collect additional information for you, may be unable to do so because they don't have time.
Ask them to keep time records for a couple of weeks detailing the work they do and the time each task takes. They need to account for all their working hours.
You will often find them doing some work which has little value.
A small manufacturer who was costing all the jobs after they were completed never did anything with the information. You might find work being done which could be handled more efficiently or even eliminated.
Analyse the information you get from time records and, hopefully, make changes to reduce the office work load. Then you will be able to gather the information you want.
THE NEW foreign investment fund tax laws affecting shares in foreign companies favours the rich.
If you, as an individual, have shares in overseas companies not subject to the special Australian exemption, you are taxed based on your gain for the year or 5 percent of the value of your portfolio at the beginning of the financial year.
There is an exception. Those who have overseas share investments (excluding the Australian- exempt shares) costing less than $50,000 (small investors) are not taxed in this way. They are taxed on the dividends they get.
For the year ended 31 March 2008, most people made a loss on their foreign shares and therefore paid no tax. However, the small investors still had to pay tax on their dividends.
But, if you are happy to, you can join the rich. The $50,000 threshold is taken at any point in the year. Therefore, if you own shares which had cost, say, $45,000 and you bought another $10,000 worth during the year, you would break through the $50,000 threshold. You would be taxed the same way as the rich.
If you sold some shares and went below $50,000 cost, you would be taxed with the rich for the current year because you would have owned shares costing more than $50,000 on at least one day of the year. However, you would start the following year back with the poor again.
One reason for buying and selling shares in the same year could be to improve your holding — in other words, quitting your poorly performing shares and buying better shares. Rearranging your portfolio just to save tax might be seen as tax avoidance, so never do that.
IF YOU pay provisional tax, you are entitled to reduce your payments if you believe your income will be lower. However, misjudging your estimate of the tax will cost you IRD interest at 14.24 percent a year on the shortfall of each provisional tax payment. IRD needs to be informed by the last provisional tax payment date, if you wish to estimate your tax. For 31 March balances this is 7 May 2009. Please check with us if you think you need to estimate your provisional tax.
WHEN we prepare your annual accounts, two things contribute to the cost — too little information, and too much information.
Too little information
Each time we need to ask for more information, we put the file aside while you look. This adds to the cost of the job. Ideally, we would like to work straight through your assignment and finish it in one session.
This is seldom possible. However, the fewer questions and quicker your response, the more efficiently we can complete our work.
Too much information
A few clients try giving us everything. This often means a time-consuming search through the papers for what we need. When we cannot find what we are looking for, we will often have another look, just in case, before contacting you.
What to do
Provide all the information requested in our questionnaire and no more. Reduce next year's queries by keeping a note of our requests for more information, which you can refer to.
Please do not give us your processed information unless you have first discussed with us what you are going to produce and we have agreed. If the information we are getting does not fit within our office systems, our work often takes much longer and involves more skilled staff.
IF YOU cannot pay your tax on time, you can arrange for payment in instalments. Set up these arrangements with the IRD before the due date for tax. Note the following:
• It is better to consult us before approaching the IRD. We will aim to get an arrangement we feel you can live with.
• Use of Money Interest will be charged. At the time of writing, the rate was 14.24 per cent.
• A special arrangement to pay tax is not ongoing. It is specific to the instalment you have been unable to pay. Some clients think, so long as they keep paying the instalments, everything will be OK. This is not the case. The IRD will charge you penalties if you fail to pay on time, taxes which are not subject to the arrangement.
• Never renege on your agreement. If you can't stick to it, consult us and we may be able to vary the arrangement.
For larger provisional tax debts, we can put you in touch with a firm which provides medium term loans so your tax is paid on time. The interest you will have to pay is significantly less than you would pay IRD.
ONE of our clients wanted a piece of wood dressed by a joiner — a very small order.
He rang a substantial joinery firm in late November. When the telephone was answered the voice said "we can't do anything before Christmas, in fact, we are full up till near the end of February".
Some years ago the manager of a box-making factory worked his staff overtime in October and November. By the beginning of December he was almost out of work.
He sent his salesmen out chasing orders with the promise of delivery before Christmas. He made a fortune!
He could charge premium prices and he had no competition! They were all saying "We can't do anything before Christmas..."
When you turn a customer away, even before hearing what he/she wants, you are not only turning down that sale but also the possibility of future sales to the same person — or their friends.
Business is not about stock-piling work; it is about stock-piling money (for a short time, anyway.) It might be comfortable to have a full book ahead of you, but it is more profitable to plan your business so you can also take any good quality work that comes your way.
An accountant was asked to do a simple tax return and turned it away. The potential client went elsewhere. Two years later this tax return client referred a relative to his new accountant. The relative became one of the practice's biggest clients.
You shouldn't take all customers, but why turn away potential good ones?
By the way, the customer with the wood went elsewhere. He didn't even need the job done by Christmas. He does need some more joinery later in 2009, though.
IF, AS an individual, you have money invested in overseas loans and bank accounts, you are permitted to include only the interest received to balance date, provided the sum of all your investments falls below some defined limits.
One of these is calculated from a comparison of the opening cost or value of the investment and its worth now.
For example, you might have put $US100,000 into a US bank account on 31 March 2008.
At that time the exchange rate for $US was about NZ 80 cents. Your US bank account was worth about SNZ125,000. If the NZ dollar falls at 31 March 2009 to an equivalent of, say, NZ55 cents, the $U S100,000 is now worth SNZ181,818. Deduct the original $125,000 and you will find you have a gain of $56,818.
You are only allowed to ignore currency fluctuations plus earned but unpaid interest, so long as the total of all "financial arrangements" (bank accounts and similar anywhere in the world) do not have gains exceeding $40,000.
In the example given, your currency profit alone would push you over the threshold.
If you could be caught by this, you might need to pay extra provisional tax now to minimise Use of Money Interest payments to IRD.
You could also be caught if you had a lot of interest, earned but not yet paid, on your New Zealand investments because these have to be added in for the purposes of deciding if the $40,000 threshold has been exceeded
April 7 2008 Terminal Tax (March balance date)
May 7 3rd Instalment 2009
Provisional Tax (March balance date)
GST for March 2009
May 28 1st Instalment 2009
Provisional Tax (December balance date)
GST for April 2009
A CONCRETE contractor was asked to put down a drive with a very smooth finish.
He warned the customer the surface would be slippery and did not recommend this. The customer insisted, so the contractor asked for a written disclaimer, which he received.
A year later the owners sold the house. One of the new occupants fell and broke her arm.
The contractor soon found himself in court. In spite of the disclaimer, the court ruled the contractor had failed to do a tradesman- like job and he lost the case.
Good trade practice takes precedence over a customer's wishes because you do not know who else might be affected.
A NEW tax rebate has arrived. It is for middle income earners who do not get any form of government assistance.
From 1 April 2009, the Independent Earner Rebate will be $520 per year. Anyone with an income in the range $24,000 to $48,000 will qualify so long as they are not receiving any State assistance, including New Zealand Superannuation and are not entitled to receive Working for Families (WFF).
Their relationship partner must also not be entitled to WFF, but can get the other forms of State assistance including New Zealand S uperannuation.
The rebate starts to abate from $44,000 at 13 cents in the dollar and disappears at $48,000.
• The rebate will increase to $780 from 1 April 2010.
• You might be getting State assistance or be entitled to WFF for part of the year. The rebate is available for every complete month in which you qualify for it.